Download page as a pdf file Introduction for Students Have you ever tried alcohol?
Blog The Temperance Movement The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence.
The movement's ranks were mostly filled by women who, with their children, had endured the effects of unbridled drinking by many of their menfolk.
In fact, alcohol was blamed for many of society's demerits, among them severe health problems, destitution and crime. At first, they used moral suasion to address the problem. Temperance efforts existed in antiquity, but the movement really came into its own as a reaction to the pervasive use of distilled beverages in modern times.
The earliest organizations in Europe came into being in Ireland in the s, then swept to Scotland and Britain. Norway and Sweden saw movements rise in the s. In the United States, a pledge of abstinence had been promulgated by various preachers, notably John Bartholomew Gough, at the beginning of the s.
Temperance associations were established in New York and Massachusetts The American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was interdenominational. Thanks largely to the lead from the pulpit, some 6, local temperance groups in many states were up and running by the s.
The movement existed in a matrix of unrest and intellectual ferment in which such other social ills as slavery, neglect and ill-treatment of marginalized people, were addressed by liberals and conservatives alike.
Sometimes called the First Reform Era, running through the s and '40s, it was a period of inclusive humanitarian reform. The first statewide success for the temperance movement was in Maine, which passed a law on June 2,which served as model for other states.
Proponents suggested that it was motivated by a justified concern for the public welfare, but not all agreed.
The sphere of individual liberty must be shrunken, indeed, if it cannot enclose all that lies within a man's skin, and the powers of the ruler, extensive indeed, if they can reach down the citizen's throat and explore his digestive organs.
It is not mere bombast to declare that the esophagus, the duodenum, lacticals, and capillary ducts of free-born Americans are, and of right should be, forever inviolable; and that if the Declaration of Independence does not avail to save the contents of our stomachs and bladders from chemical analysis and legislative discussion, it is full time to make another declaration that shall mean something.
The argument, with minor changes, has been applied against the efforts of the War on Drugs in the 20th century and invasive scanning at airports in the 21st.
One of the temperance movement's characteristics was international cooperation. Some believe the first U.
As these groups gathered political power, their strategy changed from moral suasion to agitation for government control of liquor, using social, educational and political tactics.
In fact, they succeeded in getting many liquor laws passed nationwide, partly thanks to backing from churches as well as industrialists who faced poor worker productivity and absenteeism.
The WCTU became international in scope in the s. Some of the most notable figures associated with the U. Willard and Carry A. Nation the latter worked on her own. The effects of their efforts and thousands of other advocates included: Government regulation Instruction on alcoholism in schools Energized study of alcoholism.
The temperance movement crested when the 18th Amendment to the Constitution text Prohibition, was passed and ratified. The frank failure of Prohibition repealed by the 21st Amendment sealed the movement's fate as it lost steam. The lifespan of the temperance movement reached a second reform era, Progressivism.
This period was characterized by maturing social and governmental efforts to reform society, whose roots lay in the 19th century. These reforms included women's suffrage and equal pay, birth control, child labor reformthe eight-hour day and environmental conservation, among others. This widespread and venerable organization advocates total abstinence, but treats alcoholism as a disease and does not seek governmental control of the liquor industry.The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence.
The movement's ranks were mostly filled by women who, with their children, had endured the effects of unbridled drinking by many of their menfolk. American Temperance Society: It Led to Prohibition The American Temperance Society (ATS) began in Boston on February 13, It was first called the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance.
The largest organization established to advocate temperance was the American Temperance Society. By the mids, more than , people belonged to this organization. The American Temperance Society published tracts and hired speakers to depict the negative effects of alcohol upon people.
Many Ohioans participated in the temperance movement. The American temperance movement was the most widespread reform movement of the 19th century, culminating in laws that completely banned the sale of all alcoholic beverages.
The movement progressed from its humble local roots to nationwide organizations with millions of members and large amounts of political power. The Temperance movement in the United States is a movement to curb the consumption of alcohol.
It had a large influence on American politics and society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It had a large influence on American politics and society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Many of the original Temperance societies had religious affiliations, like the evangelical American Temperance Society which was founded in Ten years later, at the evangelical American Temperance Society's height, one out of every ten Americans was a member (Morone ).