It is one of several Shakespeare plays in which the protagonist commits murder.
Shakespeare, Act 5, Scene 9, painting by Nicolai Abildgaard. Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.
Richard is an ugly hunchback who is "rudely stamp'd", "deformed, unfinish'd", and cannot "strut before a wanton ambling nymph.
He confides to the audience: I'll marry Warwick 's youngest daughter. What, though I kill'd her husband and her father? The scene then changes to reveal Lady Anne accompanying the corpse of the late king Henry VIalong with Trestle and Berkeley, on its way from St Paul's cathedral to interment.
She asks them to set down the "honourable load — if honour may be shrouded in a hearse ", and then laments the fate of the house of Lancaster. Richard suddenly appears and demands that the "unmanner'd dog" carrying the hearse set it down, at which point a brief verbal wrangling takes place.
Despite initially hating him, Anne is won over by his pleas of love and repentance, agreeing to marry him. When she leaves, Richard exults in having won her over despite all he has done to her, and tells the audience that he will discard her once she has served her purpose. The atmosphere at court is poisonous: The established nobles are at odds with the upwardly mobile relatives of Queen Elizabetha hostility fueled by Richard's machinations.
Queen MargaretHenry VI's widow, returns in defiance of her banishment and warns the squabbling nobles about Richard. Queen Margaret curses Richard and the rest who were present.
The nobles, all Yorkistsreflexively unite against this last Lancastrianand the warning falls on deaf ears. Richard orders two murderers to kill Clarence in the tower.
Clarence, meanwhile, relates a dream to his keeper. The dream includes vivid language describing Clarence falling from an imaginary ship as a result of Gloucester, who had fallen from the hatches, striking him.
Under the water Clarence sees the skeletons of thousands of men "that fishes gnawed upon". He also sees "wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, inestimable stones, unvalued jewels". All of these are "scattered in the bottom of the sea". Clarence adds that some of the jewels were in the skulls of the dead.
He then imagines dying and being tormented by the ghosts of Warwick Anne's fatherand Edward of Westminster Anne's deceased husband. After Clarence falls asleep, Brakenbury, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, enters and observes that between the titles of princes and the low names of commoners, there is nothing different but the "outward fame", meaning that they both have "inward toil" whether rich or poor.
When the murderers arrive, he reads their warrant issued in the name of the Kingand exits with the Keeper, who disobeys Clarence's request to stand by him, and leaves the two murderers the keys.
Clarence wakes and pleads with the murderers, saying that men have no right to obey other men's requests for murder, because all men are under the rule of God not to commit murder.
The murderers imply Clarence is a hypocrite because, as one says, "thou One murderer insists Gloucester himself sent them to perform the bloody act, but Clarence does not believe him.
He recalls the unity of Richard Duke of York blessing his three sons with his victorious arm, bidding his brother Gloucester to "think on this and he will weep".
Next, one of the murderers explains that his brother Gloucester hates him, and sent them to the Tower to kill him.
Eventually, one murderer gives in to his conscience and does not participate, but the other killer stabs Clarence and drowns him in "the Malmsey butt within".
The first act closes with the perpetrator needing to find a hole to bury Clarence. Richard uses the news of Clarence's unexpected death to send Edward IV, already ill, to his deathbed, all the while insinuating that the Queen is behind the execution of Clarence.
Edward IV soon dies, leaving as Protector his brother Richard, who sets about removing the final obstacles to his accession.Romeo and Juliet study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Study Questions for Books Previously Taught in Young Adult Literature and in Children's Literature. These books can be used for elementary, middle school, and secondary school-aged pupils and now Miguel A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich Alice in Wonderland. Belle Prater's Boy Book of Three, The Briar Rose Bridge to Teribithia.
Catcher in the Rye Charlotte's Web Chasing Redbird Child of. Each ticket is subject to a £ booking fee by Floral Pavilion.
Monday and Tuesday Special Offer Book an Adult and an Under 16 ticket in certain seats in Stands A or C and save £ Having themes run throughout a play is another way of creating tension for the audience.
This scene (Act3 scene 1) contains the theme of passion, when Benvolio is advising Mercutio to leave the area where the Capulet’s are going to arrive but Mercutio is ready for a fight and is going to stay no matter what.
William Shakespeare's Powerful Use of Language - We have all certainly heard the expression “the pen is mightier than the sword” and as Hamlet states when he realizes the power of words: “I will speak daggers to her, but use none” (Hamlet ).
Jo Nesbo, with his Scandi-Noir credentials, reinterprets Shakespeare's Macbeth within the provinces of a police force in the s in a bleak declining town riven with gang warfare, drug addiction, corruption and all other manner of darkest deeds and where little differentiates the cops from the criminals.