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His father was later a successful small businessman. Heath was known as "Teddy" as a young man. While at university Heath became active in Conservative politics. On the key political issue of the day, foreign policy, he opposed the Conservative-dominated government of the day ever more openly.
His first Paper Speech i.
In —38 he was chairman of the national Federation of University Conservative Associationsand in the same year his third at university he was Secretary and then Librarian of the Oxford Union. At the end of the year he was defeated for the Presidency of the Oxford Union by another Balliol candidate, Alan Wood, on the issue of whether the Chamberlain government should give way to a left-wing Popular Front.
On this occasion Heath supported the government. Heath, who had himself applied to be the Conservative candidate for the by-election,  accused the government in an October Union Debate of "turning all four cheeks" to Adolf Hitlerand was elected as President of the Oxford Union in Novembersponsored by Balliol, after winning the Presidential Debate that "This House has No Confidence in the National Government as presently constituted".
He was thus President in Hilary term ; the visiting Leo Amery described him in his diaries as "a pleasant youth". As an undergraduate, Heath travelled widely in Europe.
He later described Himmler as "the most evil man I have ever met". On one occasion a car in which he was travelling came under machine-gun fire, whilst on another a bomb hit his hotel whilst he was observing an air raid from outside. They made the return journey by hitchhiking and rail across Germany through mobilising troops, returning to Britain just before the declaration of war.
On 22 Marchhe received an emergency commission as a second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. In September he commanded a firing squad that executed a Polish soldier convicted of rape and murder. Years later she attributed his evident enthusiasm for Maplin Airport to this work.
Then much to the surprise of civil service colleagues, he sought adoption as the prospective parliamentary candidate for Bexley and resigned in November In the election he defeated an old contemporary from the Oxford Union, Ashley Bramallby a margin of votes.
Member of Parliament —65 [ edit ] Heath made his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 26 Junein which he appealed to the Labour Government to participate in the Schuman Plan.
As MP for Bexley, he gave enthusiastic speeches in support of the young candidate for neighbouring DartfordMargaret Roberts, later Margaret Thatcher.
This report favoured Harold Macmillan and helped to secure Macmillan the premiership in January Macmillan later appointed Heath Minister of Labour, a Cabinet Minister—as Chief Whip Heath had attended Cabinet, but had not been formally a member—after winning the October election.
He oversaw a successful application when serving in a higher position a decade later. Leader of the Opposition —70 [ edit ] See also: First Shadow Cabinet of Edward Heath Heath in After the Conservative Party lost the general election ofthe defeated Home changed the party leadership rules to allow for a ballot by MPs, and then resigned.
Soon afterwards, Heath telephoned Margaret Thatcher to inform her that he was going to sack Powell from the Shadow Cabinet, she recalled that she "really thought that it was better to let things cool down for the present rather than heighten the crisis".
The Labour prime minister, Harold Wilsonthought the document a vote-loser and dubbed it the product of Selsdon Man — after the supposedly prehistoric Piltdown Man  — to portray it as reactionary.
Entitlement to State Sickness Benefit was also changed so that it would only be paid after the first three days of sickness. Milk Snatcher" Harold Wilson, a Labour prime minister, had received no criticism. Aboutpeople were affected by this change, half of whom were receiving Supplementary Benefit under the social security scheme.
A Family Fund was set up to provide assistance to families with children who had congenital conditions,  while new benefits were introduced benefiting hundreds of thousands of disabled persons whose disabilities had been caused neither by war nor by industrial injury.
An Attendance Allowance was introduced for those needing care at home, together with Invalidity Benefit for the long-term sick, while a higher Child Allowance was made available where invalidity allowance was paid. Non-contributory pensions were also introduced for all persons aged eighty and above,  while the Social Security Act was passed which introduced benefit indexation in the United Kingdom for the first time by index-linking benefits to prices to maintain their real value.
Heath did not divide England into regions, choosing instead to await the report of the Crowther Commission on the constitution; the ten Government Office Regions were eventually set up by the Major government in By January that year, the number of unemployed reached a million, the highest level for more than two decades.
Opposed to unemployment on moral grounds, Heath encouraged a famous "U-Turn" in economic policy that precipitated what became known as the "Barber boom". By earlyas a result of this Keynesian economic strategy, unemployment had fallen to underThe economic boom did not last, and the Heath government implemented various cuts that led to the abandonment of policy goals such as a planned expansion of nursery education.
Its imprisonment of striking dockworkers was a public relations disaster and became an object lesson for the Thatcher government of the s.The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Ancient Free and Accepted Masons website contains philosophy, symbolism and history textfiles, print-quality graphics, biographies, international links and local onformation.
Sir Richard Steele: Sir Richard Steele, English essayist, dramatist, journalist, and politician, best known as principal author (with Joseph Addison) of the periodicals The Tatler and The Spectator.
Steele’s father, an ailing and somewhat ineffectual attorney, died . Renascence Editions: works originally printed in English between the years and These texts have been produced with care and attention, but are not represented by the publisher as scholarly editions in the peer-reviewed sense.
They are made available to the public for nonprofit purposes only. The publisher and general editor is Risa Bear, now retired from the University of Oregon.
The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Ancient Free and Accepted Masons website contains philosophy, symbolism and history textfiles, print-quality graphics, biographies, international links and local onformation.
The HyperTexts English Poetry Timeline and Chronology English Literature Timeline and Chronology World Literature Timeline and Chronology This is a timeline of English poetry and literature, from the earliest Celtic, Gaelic, Druidic, Anglo-Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman works, to the present day.
Middle English Literature: Essays and Articles. Extensive resource of textual criticism, scholarly and student essays, and articles on Medieval texts.