Evidence is growing that endocrine disruptors can affect the immune system, although exactly how is still under investigation Clayton et al. The effects of endocrine disruptors on the immune system may be particularly important for type 1 diabetes, since it is an autoimmune disease. Yet keep in mind that the effects of endocrine disruptors on the immune system may also be involved in the development of type 2 diabetes as well Bansal et al. Because females are more susceptible than males to many autoimmune diseases, some researchers hypothesize that environmental estrogens could promote autoimmune disease e.
June 26,Silent Spring Institute Credit: Silent Spring Institute A new analysis shows that septic systems in the United States routinely discharge pharmaceuticals, consumer product chemicals, and other potentially hazardous chemicals into the environment.
Known as contaminants of emerging concern CECsthese types of pollutants are frequently detected in U. Environmental Protection Agency does not currently regulate them in drinking water. Many emerging contaminants are hormone disruptors. Their presence in the environment has been associated with the feminization of male fish and reduced fertility in other wildlife.
And studies in humans have linked some CECs with thyroid disease, developmental disorders, decreased fertility, and even cancer. In some parts of the country, the number is much higher. In Cape Cod, Massachusetts, for instance, 85 percent of residents rely on septic systems.
Although septic systems are known sources of nutrient pollution and have been associated with disease outbreaks, questions remain regarding the extent to which they contribute emerging contaminants to the environment.
To assess the effectiveness of septic systems at removing contaminants, Schaider and her colleagues conducted a meta-analysis of 20 different studies on septic systems, creating the most comprehensive dataset on emerging contaminants commonly discharged into the environment.
The researchers identified 45 contaminants in total.
These include pharmaceuticals, personal care product ingredients, chemicals in cleaning products, flame retardants, hormones both natural and syntheticand other common substances such as caffeine.
In the analysis, Schaider found that septic systems do a decent job at removing chemicals such as acetaminophen, caffeine, and alkyphenols—a common group of ingredients used in cleaning products. Chemicals that tend to slip through include TCEP, a carcinogenic flame retardant, an anti-epilepsy drug called carbamazepine, and the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole.
That becomes especially problematic, she says, when these residents also rely on private, shallow groundwater wells for their drinking water, as is often the case in states like Massachusetts, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.
The study also compared treated wastewater from conventional septic systems with that from centralized wastewater treatment plants and found similar levels of contaminants. This suggests that switching from septic systems to a centralized sewer system may not completely address problems of emerging contaminants entering the environment.
According to Schaider, the best way to protect drinking water quality is to keep septic systems away from areas that supply local drinking water wells.1.
Introduction. Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) constitute a wide range of chemicals for which there is limited data on occurrence, environmental fate, and toxicity. Air pollutants are some of the only environmental chemicals that have been directly studied in relation to type 1 diabetes.
A pilot study on five different air pollutants and type 1 diabetes in southern California found that children with type 1 diabetes were exposed to higher levels of ground-level ozone (O 3) before diagnosis than healthy .
(NewsTarget) Colostrum has been called the promise of life.
It is the first food, in which all the immune and growth factors that insure health and vitality are transferred from the mother to the newborn. The Dire Effects of Estrogen Pollution. By Ray Peat, PhD. Pollution of the environment and food supply by estrogenic chemicals is getting increased attention.
Human exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is a public health concern that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) are helping our local, territorial, tribal, state, and federal partners address.
Before scientists became aware of the toxic effects of mercury—it poisons the kidneys and nervous system—this seemingly magical metal was widely used in medicine, cosmetics, and industries.