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Psychological theories provide evidence-based explanations for why people think, behave, and feel the way they do. Personality factors, history and early experiences; and interpersonal relationships are seen as important factors in causing depression. Unlike biology, psychology is not truly a unified field.
There are still many disagreements within the field as to what subject matter is important to focus on, and what methods are best to use for studying the subject matter.
Consequently, different schools of thought within psychology have developed their own theories as to why someone becomes depressed. Psychodynamic Theories Psychodynamic theory was the dominant school of thought within psychiatry and much of clinical psychology during the first part of the 20th century, at least with regard to ideas about how psychotherapy should be conducted.
Early psychodynamic approaches focused on the interrelationship of the mind or psyche and mental, emotional, or motivational forces within the mind that interact to shape a personality. Sigmund Freud, who is credited with inventing psychodynamic theory and psychoanalysis, influentially suggested that the unconscious mind is divided into multiple parts, including the irrational and impulsive Id a representation of primal animal desiresthe judgmental Super-ego a representation of the rules and norms of society inside the mindand the rational Ego which serves as an attempt to bridge the other two parts.
According to Freud, the conscious and unconscious parts of the mind can come into conflict with one another, producing a phenomena called repression a state where you are unaware of having certain troubling motives, wishes or desires but they influence you negatively just the same.
In general, psychodynamic theories suggest that a person must successfully resolve early developmental conflicts e.
Mental illness, on the other hand, is a failure to resolve these conflicts. There are multiple explanations that fall under the psychodynamic "umbrella" that explain why a person develops depressive symptoms.
Psychoanalysts historically believed that depression was caused by anger converted into self-hatred "anger turned inward". A typical scenario regarding how this transformation was thought to play out may be helpful is further explaining this theory. Neurotic parents who are inconsistent both overindulgent and demandinglacking in warmth, inconsiderate, angry, or driven by their own selfish needs create a unpredictable, hostile world for a child.
Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for clinical depression. Learn more from WebMD about how various forms of therapy work to help you gain new coping skills. Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a form of depth psychology, The principles of psychodynamics were introduced in the publication Lectures on Physiology by German scientist Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke. reviews have found an effect size of– for somatic disorders compared to no treatment and for treating . Psychodynamic Treatment of Depression offers current, concise, and comprehensive counsel for clinicians and trainees who seek to understand psychotherapeutic dynamics and hone their treatment skills. Read more5/5(1).
As a result, the child feels alone, confused, helpless and ultimately, angry. However, the child also knows that the powerful parents are his or her only means of survival. So, out of fear, love, and guilt, the child represses anger toward the parents and turns it inwards so that it becomes an anger directed towards him or herself.
A "despised" self-concept starts to form, and the child finds it comfortable to think thoughts along the lines of "I am an unlovable and bad person. The child also feels a perpetual sense that he or she is not good enough, no matter how hard he or she tries.
This neurotic need to please and perpetual failure to do so can easily spread beyond the situation in which it first appears, such that the child might start to feel a neurotic need to be loved by everyone, including all peers, all family members, co-workers, etc.
Psychodynamic theory has evolved a fair amount over its long history, and many variations of the original theory are available today.
One popular branch of modern psychodynamic theory, known as object relations theory, is concerned with how people understand and mentally represent their relationships with others. The "objects" in object relations theory are representations of people how other people are experienced, represented and remembered by the person doing the objectification.
According to object relations theory, people's moods and emotions and many other aspects of their personalities can only be properly understood against the backdrop of the relationships those people have experienced.
It is a foundational assumption of object relations theory that early relationships tend to set the tone for later relationships. According to object relations theory, depression is caused by problems people have in developing representations of healthy relationships.Psychodynamic therapy is a form of talk therapy.
It’s designed to help you find relief from mental or emotional stress.
For example, your doctor may recommend it . Although there are numerous articles and books about postpartum depression, few are psychoanalytically informed, and the psychodynamics of women suffering from postpartum depression are overlooked.
Psychological Theories of Depression Saul McLeod, published Depression is a mood disorder which prevents individuals from leading a normal life, at work socially or within their pfmlures.com: Saul Mcleod.
The Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance believe that psychodynamic therapy has many beneficial effects, including: Understanding the illness Defining and .
Psychodynamics was initially developed by Sigmund Freud,Carl Jung and Alfred Adler. By the mid s and into the s, the general application of the " psychodynamic theory" had been well established.
Psychology of Depression- Psychodynamic Theories Rashmi Nemade, Ph.D., edited by Kathryn Patricelli, MA Psychological theories provide evidence-based explanations for why people think, behave, and feel the way they do.